Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman all information is available here like scientific name, size, weight, total population, bite force, characteristics, diet, facts, habitat, lifespan, and reproduction. Scroll this page down and get the details.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman

The Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman has many common names which are the musky caiman, dwarf caiman, cuvier’s caiman and also smooth-fronted caiman. Sometimes, it is also known as the wedge head caiman that usually used in the pet trade. The species belong to the Alligator family.

What is Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman

The species first discovered by French zoologist Georges Cuvier in 1807 and is one of only two species in the genus Paleosuchus. The Caimaninae subfamily is the closest relatives of Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman

Other Name
  • Dwarf Caiman
  • Musky Caiman
  • Smooth-fronted Caiman
  • Cuvier’s Caiman
Scientific NamePaleosuchus palpebrosus
Average Size1.4 m
Average Weight6-7 Kg
Biggest So Far2.1 m
Total population1 million+

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Bite Force

In the testing of the bite force, the researchers found that the cuvier’s dwarf caiman can generate about 3700 psi which is the powerful bite force in the Animal kingdom. This can even break the bones of humans.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Characteristics

This is also known as the smallest living New World crocodilian. The Cuvier’s dwarf caiman has the strong body armor on their upper body and ventral at the lower sides which may compensate for its small body size in reducing predation. The dermal scales that provide this protection have a bony base and known as the osteoderms.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Diet

The Cuvier’s dwarf caiman like to have invertebrates in the major diet of their food including fish and frogs while adults eat larger amphibians, fish, and invertebrates like large molluscs. Also, the diet also changes, according to the food available in the habitat. These also pray for the other small fishes that can become their food as well.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Facts

  • Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman swimming speed in water can reach up to 30 miles per hour.
  • They can survive in up to 60 years if bred in captivity or as pets.
  • They close their nostrils, throat, and windpipe to catch prey underwater without drowning.
  • The gender of the eggs depends on the temperature during the early stages of incubation.
  • Cuvier’s dwarf caiman is the smallest in all caiman species.
  • A caiman doesn’t regulate the shed its skin but periodically, sheds each scales.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman habitat

The Cuvier’s dwarf caiman is a freshwater species and mostly found in the riverine habitats of forest and areas of flooded forest around lakes and also in the fast flowing water. It is also found in the gallery forests of savannah country but it is absent from the habitats of Los Llanos and the Pantanal. It is able to travel long distances.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Size

The average size of the males is about 1.4 m while females have 1.2 m. Cuvier’s dwarf caiman is not only the smallest extant species in the alligator and caiman family but also, the smallest in all the crocodilians.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Lifespan

The expected life for the caiman species is about 30-40 years. As the maximum living cuvier’s dwarf caiman recorded of 80 years in the wild. Generally, the pet caiman has the sort life as compared to the caiman found in the wild.

Baby Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman care

The species is not yet completely studied yet does not appear any seasonal in nature. The females are very protective of their laid eggs in the nest. The females prepare the nest itself somewhere in the mud and reach out to the other predators. They lay eggs from 10-25 eggs in one period. The incubation period is around 90 days.

Cuvier’s Dwarf Caiman Reproduction

The mating generally occurs at the end of the dry season. At this time, the males are seen to lift their heads high and hold their tails almost vertically out of the water. The mating can occur repeatedly several times and after that, both males and females settle in the water for little time.

Most of the females are able to breed once a year. But if they get the fed efficiently in captivity, then it can breed 2 or 3 times in a year.

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