False Gharial all information is available here like scientific name, size, weight, total population, bite force, characteristics, diet, facts, habitat, lifespan, and reproduction. Scroll this page down and get the details.
The false gharial is a freshwater crocodilian native to the Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. The species is listed as the Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, as the total population is very little as compared others. The species get the name in honors of German herpetologist – Hermann Schlegel.
What is False Gharial
The false gharial belongs to the order Crocodilia and family Gavialidae. Yet these have the similar appearance to crocodiles but have the different family. The species are now found in the various locations only and the species have the conservation status of Vulnerable.
|Scientific Name||Tomistoma Schlegelii|
|Average Size||3.2 – 3.9 m|
|Average Weight||93-200 kg|
|Biggest So Far||5 m|
|Total population||Approx 2500|
False Gharial Bite Force
The adult false gharial can bite with the force about 6450 N. An adult human have the bite force of 100N only. The bite force of the gharial is almost similar to the crocodiles.
False Gharial Characteristics
The false gharial has dark reddish brown color on their body with black or brown spots and crossbands on the back and tail. These have extremely long and slender snout. All teeth are long and needle-like, interlocking on the inside of the jaws and are individually socketed. The dorsal scales are broad at midbody and extend onto the sides of the body.
False Gharial Diet
The false gharials have the fish and small vertebrates in their diet. In addition to smaller fishes, the mature adults prey on larger vertebrates, including long-tailed macaques, proboscis monkeys, deer, water birds, and reptiles. This species is mostly found in the wild and information is slowly being revealed. The diet of the gharials can change as per the habitat and location.
False Gharial Facts
False Gharial Habitat
False gharials are mostly found in Sarawak, Peninsular Malaysia, and Indonesia as they are extinct form the Thailand and Singapore. It is unclear if any left in Java. These are mostly inhabited by rivers, swamps, and lakes. The species is mostly found in the lowland swamp forests and peat swamps.
False Gharial Size
The false gharial is a large crocodilian. The length of the males is documented at 5 m. The males grow up to 3.6 – 3.9 m on average in length and weight 190-210 kg while a female measured 3.2 m and weighed about 93 Kg. The maximum length of the female is recorded up to 4 m long.
False Gharial Lifespan
The false gharials have the long lifespan in wild up to 60 – 80 years which is almost similar to the other crocodilians. While the captive specimens have the short life as compared in the gharials in wild.
Baby False Gharial care
The false gharials also mound the nests during the breeding season if they breed in the wild. Once the eggs are laid and construction of the mound is completed, the female will leave her nest. The eggs do not get the parental protection, unlike the crocodilians. They have the risk of eaten by predators such as tigers, mongooses, leopards, wild dogs, and civets.
False Gharial Reproduction
There is no exact information about the breeding season of false gharials. Females lay small clutches of eggs about 13-35 eggs per nest. The females gain the reproduction maturity when they reach the length of 2.5 -3 m.
False Gharial – this is the species that listed under the Vulnerable category in the IUCN Red list of threatened species. The species already extinct from the country like Thailand and Singapore. You can check out the details about other species from Crocodilian family over here.
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