Lizard Species, Types, Facts, Diet, Habitat, Lifespan, Reproduction

Lizard Species, Types, Facts, Diet, Habitat, Lifespan, Reproduction is discussed here. All Lizard Facts and species details are available below.

What is a Lizard?

The lizards relate to the kingdom Animalia from reptiles. They have the distance relationship with the snakes as well. There are also few species of the lizards which is called as sheltopusiks, because the appearance is same as snakes as they don’t have the legs. Many lizards harmonize to the ancient reptiles of the dinosaur era. Before 200 million years ago, the ancestors of the lizards have appeared. In short, lizards have a small head, short neck, and long body and tail.

Most of the lizards have the moveable eyelids, unlike snakes. There are more than six thousand lizard species including chameleons, iguanas, geckos, monitors, Gila monsters, and skinks. The lizards don’t have the visible ears as we have. Instead, they have visible ear openings to catch the sound, and their eardrums are just below the surface of the skin. They use the vibrations and visibility for better hearing and it is better as compared snakes.

Lizard Definition

The lizards are the reptiles from the order Squamata which usually have four legs, external ear openings, movable eyelids, and a long slender body and tail. Lizards belong to the phylum Chordata, class of reptilian, and order Squamata which has the suborder Lacertilia. Some forest-dwelling Darco lizards able to glide also. They are often territorial, the males fighting off other males and signaling, to attract mates to intimate.


Almost all lizards are carnivorous and also have the ability like other reptiles being sat and wait for predators. The small species of the lizards eat insects whereas the komodo eat mammals as big as water buffalo. The lizards have the ability to regrow their tails if it cuts out. The largest living lizard of about 3 m (9.8 ft) is varanid lizard which is generally known as the Komodo dragon.

The scientific name of Lizard: Lacertilia

The scientific name of the lizard is Lacertilia. The lizard lives in warm places due to cold blood. The lizards belong to the class reptilia and need the external heat to warm their bodies. The lizard lives in pairs, don’t come out at night. The lizards are hard to see in the cold places or in winters due to the cold blood. Lizards have the ability to regain their tails if it accidentally loose. The lizards have the forked tongue which is similar to the snakes. the lizards have the same action like snakes and keep the tongue in and out of their mouth to smell the surroundings.

Types of Lizards

There are more than 6,000 species of the lizards exist on the earth. Lizards and snakes have many similarities by their appearance and you can distinguish by their skin and legs.

  • Beaded Lizard

The beaded lizard is one of the only two species from the lizards which use the strong venom.

  • Carolina Anole or Green Anole

It has another name that you may hear before which is American Chameleon. It is an interesting type of lizard with the good looks.

  • Chameleon

The chameleon has the specialty to change their color as per their surrounding and color of the skin will so similar that hard to find its presence.

  • Chuckwalla

It is the larger species of the lizards. Only five subspecies of Chuckwalla have been identified yet.

  • Common Basilisk

The common basilisk is not the common lizard. You can find this species of lizard in quite a few regions.

  • Desert Iguana

This species is generally found in the hot and dry climate. They adapt to the environment of the desert before a long time ago.

  • Frill-Necked Lizard

The Frill-Necked lizard is also called the frilled lizard. Due to the similar physical appearance with the dragon, in few regions, it is known as the Frilled Dragon.

  • Galapagos Marine Iguana

This is from the few species of the lizards which generally found near to the sea and also classified as a marine reptile.

  • Gecko

The gecko is the small species of lizard which has the 1500 subspecies. Most of the interesting species found in the wildlife.

  • Gila Monster

Gila monster is one of the dangerous lizard species from that person afraid.

  • Green Iguana

The green iguana is one of the larger species of lizards and also often known as the common Iguana.

  • Horned Lizard

Horned lizard has dangerous and scary. Due to the appearance, most of the peoples feel uneasy.

  • Komodo Dragon

Komodo Dragon is the largest species of the lizards which have the potential to eat water buffalo.

  • Leopard Lizard

The lizard has the amazing colors that usually not common appear for the lizards.

  • Skink

The skink is one of the species of lizards which have a large number of subspecies.

  • Thorny Devil

The thorny devil has very thick horns all over it. This species of lizard appear in the many cultural programs due to its physical appearance.

Lizard Species

A lot number of species of lizards are available on the earth. According to the biological research approximately 6000 species are exists across the world and indirectly compare to the snake because it has the same forked tongue that snakes generally use to smell around. The lizards also do that to smell around their surroundings. The species of the lizard adapt the changes according to the environment. The lizards have the number of different species that found across the world in the different habitats.

  • African Fat-Tailed Gecko
  • Argentine Tegu
  • Argus Monitor
  • Asian Water Monitor
  • Australian Water Dragon
  • Beaded Lizard
  • Bearded Dragon
  • Bibron’s Gecko
  • Black and White Tegu
  • Black Rough-Necked Monitor
  • Blue-Tongued Skink
  • Brown Anole
  • Brown Basilisk (Striped or Common)
  • Burton’s Legless Lizard
  • Caiman Lizard
  • Cape Monitor
  • Central American Banded Gecko
  • Chinese Water Dragon
  • Chuckwalla
  • Collared Lizard
  • Common Tegu
  • Crested Gecko
  • Crocodile Monitor
  • Cuban Rock Iguana
  • Desert Iguana
  • Dumeril’s Monitor
  • Eastern Fence Lizard
  • Egyptian Uromastyx
  • Fat-Tailed Gecko
  • Fire Skink
  • Flying Gecko
  • Frilled Lizard
  • Frog-Eye Gecko
  • Galapagos Land Iguana
  • Gargoyle Gecko
  • Giant Hispaniolan Galliwasp
  • Gidgee Skink
  • Gila Monster
  • Gold-Dust Day Gecko
  • Gold Tegu
  • Grand Cayman Blue Iguana
  • Green Anole
  • Green Basilisk
  • Green Iguana
  • Green Water Dragon
  • Jackson’s Chameleon
  • Jeweled Lacerta
  • Knight Anole
  • Komodo Monitor
  • Leopard Gecko
  • Lined Day Gecko
  • Madagascar Giant Day Gecko
  • Mali Uromastyx
  • Mangrove Monitor
  • Marine Iguana
  • Mexican Beaded Lizard
  • Moloch
  • Monkey-tailed Skink
  • Mountain Horned Dragon
  • Mourning Gecko
  • New Caledonian Giant Gecko
  • Nile Monitor
  • Northern Alligator Lizard
  • Ornate Uromastyx
  • Panther Chameleon
  • Plumed Basilisk
  • Prehensile-tailed Skink
  • Red Tegu
  • Rhinoceros Iguana
  • Rough Knob-Tailed Gecko
  • Sailfin Dragon
  • Satanic Leaf-tailed Gecko
  • Savannah Monitor
  • Shingleback Skink
  • Smooth Knob-Tailed Gecko
  • Solomon Island Prehensile-tailed Skink
  • Southern Alligator Lizard
  • Spearpoint Leaf-tailed Gecko
  • Spiny-Neck Monitor
  • Spiny-tailed (Black) Iguana
  • Standing’s Day Gecko
  • Sungazer
  • Texas Horned Lizard
  • Tokay Gecko
  • Tuatara
  • Veiled Chameleon
  • Water Monitor
  • White-Throated Monitor

What does Lizard eat?

The major part of lizard species live on predatory and most of the common prey items are small, terrestrial invertebrates particularly insects. Many species of lizards are sit and wait for predators though others may be more active for the foragers. They persistence and capture to their prey. The individual lizard haunts on a branch and stays perfectly as the moving eyes only. When an insect lands, it focuses on the eyes before catching the target and slowly moves towards the prey and projecting its long sticky tongue hold back.


The termites are an important part of the diet of lizards. Some spices of as social insect can be found in large number in one of the spot. The Ants have an important protein part of the diet for some species of lizards. Due to their small size, ants are consumed in large amount by the lizard in food. With the power of teeth breaking to the shells, large species such as monitor lizards can feed large prey including fish, frogs, birds, mammals as well.

Lizard Lifespan

The lifespan of the lizard depends on the species. Some species of the lizard have sort life and few lizard species have a long life span. A common house Gecko lives around 10-15 years. Chameleon can live up to 5-7 years whereas Iguanas have the life up to around 20 years. The longest living lizard is komodo dragons which can live up to 40 years on average. The species in the wild have the danger from the predators as well. Most of the lizards don’t complete their lifecycle and be the prey of other animals.

Lizard Facts

Lizards are related to the class known as Reptilia and order Squamata which includes the snakes as well. The lizards are cold blooded as like as other reptiles. This is the major reason that you will not see any lizard in the polar region. Most of the lizards live on the land or trees, although only a few species of the lizards live in water.

  • Only two types of lizards are poisonous out of 6000 species.
  • Most of the lizards also have ear openings.
  • The largest living lizard is Komodo Dragon.
  • There are few species in lizards which can change their colors according to the surroundings.
  • Most of the lizard species lay soft-shelled eggs.
  • The species of lizard live in the tree which has the running speed up to 24kmph.
  • The lizards are active during the day as compare to the night due to cold blood.
  • Some species of lizards like Dracos can glide from the top of the tree to another.
  • The largest length of the lizard can reach up to 3 meters (10ft).
  • The smallest lizards are the Jaragua Sphaero or dwarf gecko that are 1.6 centimeters long only.

Are Lizards reptiles?

Yes, lizards are the reptiles. You don’t need to be confused about the Reptiles & lizard with each other. A lizard is kind of reptile that has several other subfamilies along with they are cold-blooded creatures often having backbones which are groundwork in the lizard. All throughout lifetime reptiles use their lungs for the breath. The lizards have the many similarities with other reptiles such as both breaths with the lungs from the birth. They don’t have the gills and can’t breathe in the water except for some species of the lizards.

How long do Lizards live?

Many reptiles are all at once becoming popular pets as they are charming creatures and well-adapted environment to live in the wild. However, they are dependent rely on humans to get proper shelter, nutrition, understand their behavioral requirements & environmental and resultant they become part of the family. The most chameleons don’t live longer than 5–8 years, but many snakes and lizards have been known to live 20–30 years long.

Many lizards are belonging to different families. Some of the most common lizard’s species such as the like gecko, chameleon, varanid lizard etc. depend whether they’re a wild or in the pet. In this present time, reptiles have much shorter lifespan in the wild than as pets and of course the enormous Komodo dragons that are growing more than 9 feet in the length forever.

Are Geckos Lizards?

Yes. The gecko has many similarities in their appearance with lizards. Both have four legs and also cold-blooded. However, there is the difference in the gecko lizards. The Lizards usually have dry and scaly skin, whether gecko consists of thin skin with small bumps on it along with external ears and moveable eyelids. While gecko’s lizard only has a transparent membrane over their eye that is a reason it is found in more temperate climates. Their gecko has the number of species under it.

There are some species of geckos Lizards that can survive decades and the average lifespan of a gecko lizard is five to seven years only. The Geckos lizards that can throw a foul-smelling discharge and feces on any predators while common lizards to not exhibit of this behavior. The small geckos are non-venomous. But the medium and large size of gecko can bite if distress. The bite of the gecko will not penetrate the skin if its bite gently.

Lizards Reproduction

Mostly lizards place their all eggs in a nest to be saved. Other lizards do not lay any eggs as they give birth after hatchling eggs inside their body.  Other lizard species directly birth to live young lizards and the female lizards do not care for young ones after hatchling. Most lizards lay eggs in a suitable nest. When it comes to the reproduction in lizards then it depends on the species, location and the habitat in which they living. The lizard can be ready to mate at the age of one or two years in the small-medium species whether the large species of lizards will take 2 to 3 years to be ready.

To mating in the lizards – it needs a male and a female. The base of the tail has glands. The produce the strong odors during the mating season to attract the opposite gender. The females often attracted by the male who gives off the strong odors. The males can travel long distances to find the females that they can mate with. Once the mating has occurred the male and female will go on separate ways. The male will find other females that he can successfully mate with. The females will look for the places to ensure that their young survive and don’t be the prey of other animals.

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