Chuckwalla Diet, Facts, Venom, Bite, Care, Habitat, lifespan

Here is the detailed information of Chuckwalla scientific name, category, average lifespan, characteristics, facts, habitat, diet, venom, reproduction, bite etc. Scroll this page down to get more details about this.


Chuckwalla is large lizards that majorly found in arid regions of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Some lizards of these species also found on coastal islands. The six species of chuckwallas are all placed within the genus Sauromalus which are part of the iguanid family, Iguanidae.

What is Chuckwalla

The species belongs to the family Iguanidae which found on arid, rocky hills of southwestern North America. The total six species under this lizard species which mostly found in the Southwestern United States reaches 50 cm in length, but some of the species inhabiting islands in the Gulf of California get much larger.
Scientific Name Sauromalus
Other Name Sauromalus ater
Category Lizard
Size Approx 20 inches
Average Lifespan About 25 years

Chuckwalla Characteristics

The common chuckwalla is predominantly dull colored, usually of brown or dark gray. The head, chest, and limbs of adult male chuckwallas are dark-colored or black, whereas their backs are colored red, black, or yellow. These are large, flat-bodied lizard with a largely rounded belly and wide based blunt-tipped tail. It has the small scales cover on its body, with large scales protecting the ear openings. Adult males are of the black color of head, shoulder, and pelvic regions while females are brownish in color with a scattering of dark red spots.

Chuckwalla Care

The care level of chuckwalla is intermediate. You just have to fulfill the essential requirements of the lizard while keeping the species as your pet. Along with it, you have to maintain the temperature and humidity level inside the enclosure. Also, you can provide the UVB bulbs to create the artificial lighting which you can turn off in the night. You can also decrease the few degrees of the temperature inside the enclosure. You have to get eh enclosure according to the size of lizard species you have.

Chuckwalla Facts

  • This species of lizard can reach the size of 16 inches in length and 2 pounds of weight while males are larger than females.
  • These are able to change the skin color and blend with colors of its surroundings.
  • The species have a stocky body with large, low positioned abdomen. It has a thick tail that is wide at the base and blunt at the top.
  • These are commonly active during the day.
  • Generally, they bask in the sun during the day to increase the temperature of the body and gain the required energy to do everyday activities.
  • These are herbivore that occasionally consumes insects. The major diet of species is based on creosote bush, fruit, leaves and desert flowers.

Chuckwalla Habitat

The species has a wide distribution in biomes of the sonorant and Mojave Deserts. The species with the greatest range which found from southern California east to Southern Nevada and Utah and Western Arizona, and South to Baja California and Northwestern Mexico. The other species are island-dwelling, so have much more restricted distributions.

Chuckwalla Diet

The species is primarily herbivorous. The chuckwalla eats creosote bush flowers, leaves, fruit, and occasionally insects as well. The lizards prefer to get the yellow flowers, such as those of the brittlebush. The species also found in the deserted area. So, they have to adopt the green plants in the desert.

Chuckwalla Venom

This species of lizard is non-venomous. Only three species from the lizards are venomous and others are not. The major parts of lizard are non-venomous and nonpoisonous. These species don’t have the glands to produce the venom.

Chuckwalla Reproduction

The male species are conditionally and seasonally territorial. An abundance of resources tends to create a hierarchy based on size, with one large male dominating the area’s smaller males. The mating in the species generally occurs from April to July, with five to 16 eggs laid between June and August. The eggs hatch in late September. The lifespan in the species is about 25 years or more.

Chuckwalla Bite

This is the harmless species for the humans. The species rarely show the aggression if feel uncomfortable or threatened. But you don’t need to worry about that because these are nonpoisonous and not harmful for the humans. The bite from these lizards may painful but not that much.

Chuckwalla As Pet

This is the popular species that peoples like to have as a pet. The species is in the category of medium-sized lizard that you can easily keep in the enclosure at your home. You just need relatively little large enclosure according to the specified length.

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