Cuban Rock Iguana Facts, Diet, Venom, Bite, Characteristics

Here is the detailed information of Cuban Rock Iguana scientific name, category, average lifespan, characteristics, facts, habitat, diet, venom, reproduction, bite etc. Scroll this page down to get more details about this.

Cuban Rock Iguana

The Cuban Rock Iguana is a species of lizard belong to the family of the Iguana. It is the largest of the West Indian rock iguanas, one of the most endangered groups of lizards. These are also known as the Cuban ground iguana or Cuban iguana.

What is Cuban Rock Iguana

The species is one of the largest West Indian rock iguanas and unfortunately, one of the endangered groups of lizard that currently exist. The lizard is found across mainland Cuba’s rock southern coastal areas and Cayman islands.
Scientific Name Cyclura nubila
Other Name Cuban ground iguana, Cuban iguana
Category Lizard
Size about 16 inches
Average Lifespan Approx 60-70 years

Cuban Rock Iguana Characteristics

These species of lizard have the length about on average 40 cm from snout to vent. The species is sexually dimorphic, males are much larger than females, and males are much larger than females, and have enlarged femoral pores on their thighs. The skin color of the species ranges between dark grey to brick red whereas females are olive green with dark stripes or bands.

Cuban Rock Iguana Care

All rock iguanas are hardy and can be long-lived pets. However, these large lizards have complex captive requirements. Adults require an enclosure measuring at least 8-12ft in length and 4 ft wide. You have to use the visual barriers for basking in the day. You have to regularly maintain the diet of the lizards.

Cuban Rock Iguana Facts

  • The species belong to the family Iguanidae.
  • The adult male size can reach up to 4-5 feet.
  • The weight of the species can be up to 7 kgs.
  • These are found the range between of main island of Cuba and surrounding islets.
  • The species mostly found on coastal areas across its range.
  • These have the captive lifespan more than 20 years.
  • The species requires the advanced care level from the owner.
  • The lizard species can even bite the humans if they feel threatened or cornered.

Cuban Rock Iguana Habitat

The Cuban iguana is distributed in rocky coastal areas on Cuba and throughout as many as 4,000 islets surrounding the Cuban mainland. Relatively safe populations are found some islets along the north and south coasts and in isolated protected areas on the mainland.

Cuban Rock Iguana Diet

All Cuban iguana is primarily herbivorous and its consists 95% diet of leaves, flowers, and fruits from as many as 30 plant species which includes seaside rock shrub, thistle, prickly pear, black mangrove, red mangrove, olive, and various grasses. These are seen sometimes consuming animal matter, corpses of birds, fish, and crabs.

Cuban Rock Iguana Venom

These species of Cuban iguana don’t have venom actually. These are herbivorous species of lizard and don’t have the venom. So, you don’t need to afraid from this lizard species. These are mostly seen quite lizards are not even aggressive.

Cuban Rock Iguana Reproduction

The species of lizard get the sexual maturity at the age of 4-6 years and at a length of 3-4 feet long. You need a compatible pair of adults to breed them. During the breeding season, males secrete waxy exudates that resemble and feel like a really skinny candle.  They drag their hind legs during the mating season, marking their territory with this exudates.

Cuban Rock Iguana Bite

The lizard species is not so aggressive. But if you try to threat or cornered this then it can bite or lash their tail in defense. You have to careful while going near to the lizard. These have the small sharp teeth that can tear the human skin.

Cuban Rock Iguana As Pet

The Cuban iguana is well-established in private and public collects. Many zoological parks and private individuals keep them in captive for breeding programs, minimizing the demand for wild-caught specimens for the pet trade. The IUCN Red list of threatened species considered it ‘vulnerable’.

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