Desert Iguana Facts, Diet, Venom, Bite, Characteristics, Care

Here is the detailed information of desert Iguana scientific name, category, average lifespan, characteristics, facts, habitat, diet, venom, reproduction, bite etc. Scroll this page down to get more details about this.

Desert Iguana

The desert iguana is one of the most common lizards of the Mojave deserts and Sonoran of northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States. They are sometimes seen on few Gulf of California islands. They have the mostly tan and grey color.

What is Desert Iguana

The species was firstly introduced in the catalog of North American Reptiles in 1859 as Crotaphytus dorsalis which was reclassified two years later as Dipsosaurus dofus dorsalis by Edward Hallowell. The generic name comes in the combination of two Greek words which means hungry lizard for ‘Dipsosaurus’ while ‘dorsalis’ comes from Latin which means spike.
Scientific Name Dipsosaurus dorsalis
Other Name Common Desert iguana
Category Lizard
Size 24 inches
Average Lifespan Approx 7-14 years

Desert Iguana Characteristics

The species of iguana is a medium sized lizard which grows to 61 cm including the tail. They have the skin color about pale gray-tan to cream in color with a light brown reticulated pattern on their backs and sides. Down the center of the back is a row of slightly-enlarged, dorsal scales that become slightly larger as you move down the back. The sides become pinkish in both males and females during the breeding season.

Desert Iguana Care

A pair of adult iguanas may be adequately housed in a terrarium 3x2x2 ft. You need large terrarium if you have to captive more than two lizards together. The viewing area should be made of glass because these can scratch the plastic with their claws. They require a high temperature that exceeds 33 degrees Celsius. Because it will help them to digest food and maximal development of incubating eggs.

Desert Iguana Facts

  • The species have the ability to lose their tails while chased and escape.
  • These lizards mark their territories with the secretion which is invisible to other animals.
  • After the hatchling, the species don’t involve in the parenting.
  • They prefer eating insects instead of leaves to gain quick energy after hibernation.
  • They can easily survive temperatures that can reach up to 46 degrees Celsius.
  • These lizards are not nocturnal and become active after the midday.
  • These iguanas also like to bask in the sun.
  • The species usually use the burrows of rats and kangaroo to prevent from heat and predators.

Desert Iguana Habitat

The species preferred habitat is largely contained within the range of the creosote bush, mainly dry, sandy desert scrubland below 1000 m. The species is also seen in rocky streambeds up to 1000m. The range of the lizard lives in areas of arid subtropical scrub and tropical deciduous forest. They burrow extensively and if threatened will scamper into a shrub and go quickly down a burrow. Their burrow is usually found in the sand under bushes like a creosote.

Desert Iguana Diet

The species is generally herbivorous, eating buds, fruits, and leaves of many annual and perennial plants. They are especially attracted to the yellow flowers of the creosote bush. Their diet includes vegetables, corn, tomatoes, berries, oranges, pumpkin, squash, sunflower seeds, small nuts, sesame seeds. While sometimes are also seen feeding termites, ants, and small beetles as well.

Desert Iguana Venom

The species have the atrophied venom glands that able to produce weak harmless venom for humans, and they are common pets to reptile collectors. These have the dozens of sharp small teeth but rarely seen bite the humans.

Desert Iguana Reproduction

The females can lay up to eight round eggs after mating in a nest that she digs in the sand. The sand near the eggs made of slightly moist soil in places where the subsoil temperature stays between 28-38 degrees Celsius. In wild, the hatchling takes 60-75 days as incubation time reduced at the higher temperatures. Generally, hatchling has the total length up to 50-60 mm.

Desert Iguana Bite

They have the weak venom which can knock out the small mammals using this. But this is harmless for human beings. The species have small sharp teeth that can damage the human skin and do serious damage on the face, fingers, wrists, and ankles.

Desert Iguana As Pet

The species is popular to get as the pet. A number of peoples also have the species as their pet. The species is commonly found at the reptile collector. While having the as the pet, you have to take care well of this species like diet, cleanness of habitat etc. You have to prevent the reach of children near to this species.

A number of peoples have fond of collect the reptile species. This is the best species ever that you can add your collection or get as a pet at your house. You have to be careful from the bite from this species.

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