Nile Monitor facts, diet, habitat, characteristics, venom, bite, care

Here is the detailed information of Nile Monitor scientific name, category, average lifespan, characteristics, facts, habitat, diet, venom, reproduction, bite etc. Scroll this page down to get more details about this.

Nile Monitor

Nile monitor is a large member of monitor family lizards found throughout much of Africa, but is the species is not found in the west where it is replaced by West Africa Nile Monitor. The species is also known by African small-grain lizard, water leguaan, or river leguaan.

What is Nile Monitor

The species is considered as the most voracious predators. These are beautiful animals, especially when young. They are amazingly strong, and it is quite difficult to hold one without being bitten. The species use visual and olfactory cues when sensing the environment.
Scientific Name Varanus niloticus
Other Name African small-grain lizard, Water leguaan, River leguaan
Category Lizard
Size 120-220 cm
Average Lifespan 12-20 years
Population Unknown

Nile Monitor Characteristics

The species can grow up to 120-220 cm in length in which the length of snout-to-vent will be around 50 cm. These lizards are able to gain the weight about 0.8-1.7 kg. They have muscular bodies, strong legs, and powerful jaws. The mouth of these species has sharp and pointed teeth. The pattern on the skin may vary from grayish-brown to greenish-yellow.

Nile Monitor Care

These monitor species require the temperature between 82-90 degrees Fahrenheit, with a warmer basking spot. The temperature during the night can be lowered. We also recommended to installs a thermal gradient. These are arboreal and the enclosure should have large enough to allow soaking and swimming.

Nile Monitor Facts

  • This monitor is a large member of monitor family lizards.
  • The species is known as one of the most voracious predators.
  • The species can grow the length up to 120-220 cm in total.
  • This monitor has muscular bodies, strong legs, and powerful jaws.
  • This species of monitor mostly found in temperature between 82-90 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • The venom of these monitors can cause extreme pain and illness.

Nile Monitor Habitat

The species is native to Africa and the species is also found across the entire central and southern regions of the continent, including Sudan and a portion of central Egypt along the Nile river. They will not found in the deserted area as they thrive around rivers. They were also introduced to California, and have no known negative impact.

Nile Monitor Diet

These are the voracious appetites. In wild, they feed on a variety of prey items including fish, insects, eggs, rodents, birds and even other reptiles such as snakes. These are usually fed insects when they are young and pre-killed rodents like rats and mice as they get larger. Avoid the overfeeding your monitor.

Nile Monitor Venom

There is no denying that a bite from any species of monitor lizard can be downright painful. These are known to crush bones in humans. These are dangerous for skin, bone, and surrounding tissues. These lizards have the poisonous bite. The venom is not fatal for humans yet it can cause pain and illness.

Nile Monitor Reproduction

These monitors breed once annually and their mating season starting in June and ending in October range-wide. Mating and egg lay usually follows the rainy season, which varies regionally. This season correlates with the development of the gonads. The female will lay eggs in a hole in the ground or in an active termite nest and lay 20-60 eggs. It may take up to 2-3 days to complete.

Nile Monitor Bite

The bite from this monitor species can be dangerous. You have to avoid the bite from this species as it can be dangerous. It does not even tear out the tissues but is able to crush bones because these have the strong jaws with sharp pointed teeth. Don’t ever try to provoke this species.

Nile Monitor As Pet

This monitor species cannot be recommended to get as the pet. It has a large size and most importantly it is dangerous for your child or other pets at your house. There are many issues that you can face while having it at your house. Instead of it, you still want this at your home then wish you good luck.

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Read more about Reptiles Species