Savannah Monitor Facts, Diet, Characteristics, Habitat, Venom

Here is the detailed information of Savannah monitor scientific name, category, average lifespan, characteristics, facts, habitat, diet, venom, reproduction, bite etc. Scroll this page down to get more details about this.

Savannah Monitor

Savannah Monitor is a medium-sized monitor lizard which is native to Africa. These are larger pet lizards that are known to be some of the more docile lizards of the monitor group. They aren’t really active lizards but you have to carefully handle this.

What is Savannah Monitor

These monitors are medium-sized lizard found in Africa. They are also known as Bosc’s monitor, latter more predominant in Europe, as it was first described by Louis Bosc, a Frenchman. It belongs to the subgenus Polydaedals, along with the ornate, Nile and other monitors.
Scientific Name Varanus exanthematicus
Other Name Bosc’s Monitor
Category Lizard
Size 3.5-5 ft
Average Lifespan Approx. 13 years
Conservation Status Least Concern

Savannah Monitor Characteristics

The base of the color of the body ranges from light yellow to grey. There are light yellow marks on the head and circular dark-edged yellow spots o the back arranged in the rows. The central portion and inside of the limbs are a yellowish-grey to brown. There are alternating rings of yellowish and brown on the tail. It has a forked blue tongue.

Savannah Monitor Care

These monitors are robust, hardy lizards which have relatively simple care requirements. They usually thrive in a large temperature and humidity range. Most of the available in the pet trade are wild-caught, but even imported lizards can thrive as long as their keepers provide the appropriate environment and care.

Savannah Monitor Facts

  • This monitor shares it subgenus with the Nile Monitor and Ornate Monitor as well.
  • This monitor lizard is considered the same to the white throated.
  • The length of these monitors can reach a maximum 3.5-5 ft.
  • The weight of these lizards ranges between 11-13 lbs.
  • The monitor hisses loudly and strikes the ground with its tail to warn the predator.
  • This lizard has the forked blue tongue.
  • This is a carnivore monitor species.

Savannah Monitor Habitat

The skin coloration of these monitors varies according to the local habitat substrate. The range of these monitors extends throughout sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal east to Sudan and south almost to the Congo River and Rift Valley. This is primarily a ground-dwelling species that shelters in burrows, although it is sometimes found in bushes or low trees.

Savannah Monitor Diet

Their feeding style is based on a feast or fast system. The wet season brings lots of food, and the monitor takes full advantage as they can survive off the fat reserves accumulated the dry season during the wet season. They also consume toads, snakes, small mammals, birds, lizards, and eggs. The snail is a significant part of their diet.

Savannah Monitor Venom

The monitor lizards are considered as venomous. Yet there are some native palaces where this species doesn’t have the venom. But few researchers believed that they produce venom in mouth glands which plays a role in prey capture. So, you have to avoid bitten by this lizard. Contact the physician within a time limit.

Savannah Monitor Reproduction

The mating season for the monitors is the wet season when there is no food shortage. Male follows a female n a relentless manner, often scratching her or biting her neck. The copulation usually lasts for a few hours. Four weeks later the female lays between 20-50 eggs in the nest she builds from scratch. She may also use a termite mount. The incubation period lasts for 5-6 months.

Savannah Monitor Bite

These monitor lizards contain some kind of poison. So, you have to avoid the bite from these lizards. A wild monitor is found more aggressive as compared to captive breed. The species can behave aggressively if they found themselves threatened.

Savannah Monitor As Pet

The monitors are popular pets due to their docile temperament. They do have to be given a housing with the similar appearance their native habitat. They also need to be cared to maintain good health and avoid aggressive behavior.

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Read more about Reptiles Species