Snake Species, Types, Facts, Diet, Lifespan, Habitat, Reproduction

Snake Species, Types, Facts, Diet, Lifespan, Habitat, Reproduction, Venom details are given on this page. Snake Facts and features are discussed on details on this page.

What are Snakes?

Snakes are the evolution of the lizards only about 150 million years ago during the prehistoric period during the age of dinosaurs. This is the time when dinosaurs rule the planet earth. At this time, the birds are evolved from the small dinosaurs. Snakes began to take over when all dinosaurs are almost gone about 95 million years ago.

Snakes are the late arriving kind of reptile. In the earliest phase of evolution, the snakes have the legs, but as the gradually snakes evolved, they lose their legs and adapt the environment with the body without legs.

Snake Definition

A legless, scaly-skinned and elongated, carnivores reptile with the salivary glands is known as a snake. Living snakes can be found on almost every continent except Antarctica. Because it is not able to produce the warm internally, so, its need the external sources to keep it warm. Sunlight is the best source to keep warm their bodies. Snakes are thought to have evolved from the lizards in the middle dinosaur age. The snake is the oldest known Fossil. Eophis Underwood was the smallest snake that lived in southern England about 168 million years ago.

Snake also is known as the serpent because it is suborder Serpentes. There are more than 3,400 species of the reptiles which are distinguished by their limbless conditions and elongated body and tail. Snakes represent a lizard that is the result of the evolution of years which undergoes structural reduction, simplification, and loss as well as specialization and classified with lizards in the order of Squamata. All snakes don’t have the legs but not all legless reptiles are snakes. There are few burrowing lizards may have only front or back limbs or completely legless.

Scientific Name of Snake

All species of snakes belong to the Animalia kingdom, phylum chordate, class reptilian, and order Squamata. However, the classification of the snakes varies on the various conditions. Snakes can share a genus and they can still be the same species. The scientific name of the snakes is Serpentes. Most of the snakes spend their time in the thermoregulation and finding the food around their habitat. The snakes are carnivores and prey for the small mammals around their living area for such as rat, mice and other small insects as well. The thermoregulation problem varies with the altitude and latitude.

Types of Snakes

There are more than 3,000 species of snakes are exists in all over the world and might be they are few are still undiscoverable. So, here we discuss the few unique characteristics about them, and their similarities as well:

  • King Cobra

King Cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world. The snake has the scary look and size because of many people worried. You can easily see this snake in the Asian Continent.

  • American Copperhead

The American Copperhead is one of the snake species in the world that able to create venom. It is also known as the copperhead only for short term. It is also referred to as the moccasin snake in some locations.

  • Black Mamba

Black Mamba is considered as the one of the deadliest snakes. It is the longest of all snakes found across Africa.

  • Corn Snake

It is also known as the red rat snake. They are constrictor types of snakes which wrap their bodies around the subject what they want to eat or when feel the threat.

  • Rattlesnake

It is one of the common species that you can find across your area. They also carry the venom but it isn’t powerful. There are 30 species though and many subspecies. So, it depends on how they will treat you why you come across.

  • Boa Constrictor

The boa constrictor has a very thick and large body. However, it is not biggest as the Python species which are larger than this.

  • Eastern Coral Snake

Eastern Coral Snake is a very dangerous snake due to the strength of the venom when releases. It is also called the American Cobra.

  • Black Rat Snake

This is the biggest snake found in Canada which can be up to 8 feet long. This species of snake can blend their color in the well with the surroundings.

  • Burmese Python

Burmese Python is one of the larger living species of snakes in the world. It is ranked on the 6th place in largest of all snakes across the world.

  • Ball Python or Royal Python

Many people are fascinated by the ball python or royal python. This is a nonvenomous type of snake. It is quite sneaky as compared to many other types of pythons.

  • Reticulated Python

The Reticulate python is very interesting and large to state at. They don’t have any venom and they are very seldom to known for bite. However, they can wrap their body around the person to suffocate them.

  • Garter Snake

Garter snakes have very bright colors that make them attractive.

  • Green Anaconda

The green anaconda has the widest mass among all species of snakes. This is the nonvenomous snake which appearance is extremely dangerous.

  • Water Moccasin Snake

It is the type of pit viper. The water moccasin snakes can bite you and it is very painful and even come to death.

  • Green Tree Python

Most peoples will never get a chance to see up close; the green tree python as it choose to live those areas. They are very colorful that is the main reason, it gets attention.

Snakes Species

More than 3,000 live species of the snakes are available across the world. Even they have many unique characteristics about them still there are some similarities. The snakes are found in the wide range of the habitats around the world. The snakes adapt the environment of their habitat. They can live in trees or in water. Many species of the snakes like to live in the burrow. All snakes are carnivores which mean they eat the other living things.

Most of the people think they are venomous but not all snakes are venomous. The snakes have the tongue that is forked which allows them to smells its surrounding. The snakes have many vertebrate and ribs that they use for the movement. This will help them to move around since they don’t have the limbs. They also don’t have the external eyelids and ears. They catch the vibration to know what going on their surroundings.

List of Snake Species

Adder Snakes

  • Death Adder
  • Horned Adder
  • Puff adder
  • Aesculapian snake


  • Green anaconda
  • Yellow Anaconda


  • Amazon tree boa
  • Boa constrictor
  • Dwarf boa
  • Emerald tree boa
  • Hog Island Boa
  • Jamaican boa
  • Madagascar tree boa
  • Puerto Rican boa
  • Rainbow Boa
  • Red-tailed boa
  • Rosy boa
  • Rubber boa
  • Sand Boa
  • Tree Boa


  • Cape Cobra
  • Caspian cobra
  • Chinese cobra
  • Egyptian cobra
  • Equatorial spitting cobra
  • False cobra
  • False water cobra
  • Forest cobra
  • Indian cobra
  • King cobra
  • Monocled Cobra
  • Mozambique spitting cobra
  • Philippine Cobra
  • Red spitting cobra
  • Snouted Cobra
  • Spectacled Cobra
  • Spitting cobra

Coral snake

  • Arizona coral snake
  • Eastern coral snake
  • Texas Coral Snake

Garter snake

  • Checkered garter snake
  • Common garter snake
  • San Francisco garter snake
  • Texas garter snake

Hognose snake

  • Eastern hognose snake
  • Southern hognose snake
  • Western hognose snake


  • Checkered keelback
  • Red-necked keelback
  • Tiger keelback

King snake

  • California kingsnake
  • Desert kingsnake
  • Grey banded kingsnake
  • Prairie kingsnake
  • Scarlet kingsnake
  • Speckled kingsnake

Krait snake

  • Banded krait
  • Blue krait
  • Indian krait
  • Malayan krait
  • Many banded krait
  • Red-headed krait


  • Black mamba
  • Green mamba
  • Eastern green mamba
  • Western green mamba


  • African rock python
  • Amethystine python
  • Angolan python
  • Ball python
  • Black-headed python
  • Blood python
  • Burmese python
  • Calabar python
  • Carpet python
  • Coastal carpet python
  • Jungle carpet python
  • Children’s python
  • Diamond python
  • Green tree python
  • Indian python
  • Oenpelli python
  • Olive python
  • Pygmy python
  • Red blood python
  • Reticulated python
  • Royal python
  • Savu python
  • Spotted python
  • Stimson’s python
  • White-lipped python
  • Woma python

Rat snake

  • Beauty rat snake
  • Great Plains rat snake
  • Japanese rat snake
  • King rat snake
  • Mandarin rat snake


  • Arizona black rattlesnake
  • Eastern diamondback rattlesnake
  • Great Basin rattlesnake
  • Massasauga rattlesnake
  • Mojave rattlesnake
  • Rattler
  • Red diamond rattlesnake
  • Southern Pacific rattlesnake
  • Tiger rattlesnake
  • Timber rattlesnake
  • Western diamondback rattlesnake

Sea snake

  • Beaked sea snake
  • Olive sea snake
  • Yellow-bellied sea snake


  • Coastal Taipan
  • Inland taipan

Tiger snake

  • Eastern tiger snake
  • Tasmanian tiger snake

Tree snake

  • Brown tree snake


  • Asp viper
  • Bamboo viper
  • Bush Viper
  • Spiny bush viper
  • Carpet viper
  • Eyelash Viper
  • Gaboon viper
  • Horned desert viper
  • Horned viper
  • Mole viper
  • Nose-horned Viper

Pit viper

  • Bamboo pit viper
  • Eyelash pit viper
  • Malayan pit viper
  • Philippine pit viper
  • Sri Lankan pit viper
  • Undulated pit viper
  • Wagler’s pit viper
  • Rhinoceros viper
  • Russell’s viper
  • Sand viper
  • Saw-scaled viper
  • Temple Viper
  • Tree Viper
  • White-lipped tree viper

Other Common Snakes

  • Glossy snake
  • Gopher snake
  • Grass snake
  • Green snake
  • Rough green snake
  • Smooth green snake
  • Ground snake
  • Habu
  • Hoop snake
  • King brown
  • Lancehead
  • Lyre snake Mamushi
  • Mangrove snake
  • Milk snake
  • Moccasin snake
  • Montpellier snake
  • Mudsnake
  • Mussurana
  • Night snake
  • Parrot snake
  • Pine snake
  • Pipe snake
  • Racer Snake
  • Southern black racer
  • Ribbon snake
  • Rinkhals
  • Sidewinder
  • Small-eyed snake
  • Smooth snake
  • Stiletto snake
  • Striped snake
  • Sunbeam snake
  • Tentacled snake
  • Trinket snake
  • Twig snake
  • Titanoboa snake
  • Vine snake
  • Asian Vine Snake, Whip Snake
  • Indigo snake
  • Asp Snake
  • Black headed snake
  • Mexican black kingsnake
  • Black rat snake
  • Black snake
  • red bellied black snake
  • Blind snake
  • Brahminy blind snake
  • Texas blind snake
  • Western blind snake
  • Boomslang
  • Brown snake
  • Eastern brown snake
  • Bull snake
  • Bushmaster
  • Cascabel
  • Cat-eyed snake
  • Cat snake
  • Chicken snake
  • Coachwhip snake
  • Congo snake
  • Copperhead
  • Corn snake
  • Cottonmouth
  • Crowned snake
  • Eastern hognose snake
  • Egg-eater
  • Eyelash viper
  • Fierce snake
  • Flying snake
  • Golden tree snake
  • Fox snake
  • Water moccasin
  • Water snake
  • Northern water snake
  • Whip snake
  • Wolf snake
  • Worm snake
  • Zebra snake

Most of the snake species aren’t aggressive but they have a terrible reputation due to attacks on humans. They will usually retreat from any forms of danger that they detect around them. However, if they start to feel any trouble around them then they will strike in order to protect themselves. They combine the vision and smell to find out the danger around them.

What do Snakes eat?

Snakes are carnivores animals and eat other living things to live. Many people think that snakes are harmful and dangerous. Yes, it’s true they are dangerous but in self-defense. Also, true that snakes eat the other insects and animals that come with great damage to crops or livestock or even spread disease like rats, mice, cockroaches etc. Snakes also can eat less harmful animals as well. The stomach of the Burmese python found that contained the hoof of deer. The huge snake not only able to eat the deer, but also managed to digest all of it. In the wild snakes indeed will eat just about every live thing that their jaws can fit around including:

  • Chicken and other birds
  • Eggs
  • Goats
  • Lizards
  • Rabbit and other small animals
  • Toads and frogs
  • Other snakes

Snakes Lifespan

The lifespan of a snake depends on the species and the conditions in which they live. The snakes never stop growing for their while life though it can be slow down as they get older. Here is the lifespan of the few snake species:

  • Ball Python Lifespan

Generally, ball python can live up to 20 to 30 years. While that is the average there many people find their beloved pet to get much older. The largest record of living ball python is 48 years long.

  • Burmese Python Lifespan

The Burmese python can live up to 25+ years of age, but actually, the average age of this species is near to the 10 years. The biggest reason behind this situation that peoples are not prepared to take care of an animal have such large size. If the python gets the appropriate environment and conditions a Burmese can live long for the quarter of a century.

  • Carpet Python Lifespan

Carpet Python have the average age similar to the Burmese python. It can live up to 20 to 30 years. There are few subspecies of the carpets like the jungle, coastal and other which also, live about the same age.

  • Boa Constrictor Lifespan

Boas have the average Lifespan of 25 to 30 years and there is nothing about the long living news about this species of snake.

  • Corn Snake lifespan

Corn snakes have a Lifespan of 15 to 20 years as sometimes they can live longer while in captivity.

  • Kingsnake Lifespan

The average Lifespan of the kingsnake is 15 to 20 years.

  • Reticulated python Lifespan

This species of python has the almost same Lifespan with the Burmese and have the massive size. If it gets the proper environment to live and appropriate conditions then it can live up to 25+ years.

  • King Cobra Lifespan

An average king cobra lives up to 17-20 years in wild. It can be life long if get the proper captivity, away from the stresses and dangers of the outside world.

Interesting Snake Facts

  • There are more than three thousand species are available all over the world except Antarctica.
  • Snakes have the cold blood which means they need the external source to keep their bodies warm.
  • They cannot bite their prey. So, they have to swallow the whole prey.
  • Snakes have the ability to open their mouths about 150 degrees which allow them to eat large things.
  • They have a slow metabolism rate, so they can live long without eating food.
  • Snakes use their tongue to smell their surroundings.
  • The snake’s skin doesn’t grow with their bodies in the same way as human beings.
  • There are around 700 species which are venomous.
  • The black mamba is the fastest snake in the world which can move up to 12kmph.

Are Snakes Reptiles?

Yes, snakes are reptiles. Because the researchers recognize this class as the evolution of some kind of lizard species. They have many similarities with the reptiles which will carry this species in the category of the reptiles. Both reptiles and snakes lay hard shell eggs. Snakes and reptiles use their lungs to breathe. Snakes have the dry, scaly skin like to reptiles.

How long do snakes live?

It depends on a lot of conditions like species of the snake, habitat, environment, and such other things. The average life of the snake is 12-17 years in the wild as they have danger to being prey for other animals. Snakes have more than three thousand species which have different ability and conditions for living.

Snakes Habitat

A habitat is a place where animals live naturally and include the animal surrounding. Snakes are the common animal that you already have seen in your life. They can easily able to see at any continent except Antarctica. You can see the snakes in various climates such as forests, prairies, and deserts. Others adopt the water as a habitat. Here are the few habitats in which you can see the examples:

  • Tropical Habitats

Most of the snake species live in the tropical rainforest around the world. This habitat is the home for both poisonous snakes, such as mambas and cobras.

  • Desert Habitats

Desert has the hot and dry environment and home for the different species of snakes commonly known as the rattlesnake. Snakes that live in the desert move around throughout the day to different places to warm up and cool down.

  • Water Habitats

The number of snake species adapts the water environment as their habitat. Most of the water snakes are nonvenomous but the bite can be painful.

Snakes Reproduction

Reproduction process in the snakes is varied as some species lay eggs as same as the dinosaurs did, whereas some give birth to the live young, just like mammals. The eggs and hatched young are not cared for by their parents, except the few species of the python.

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